Everything You Need To Know About Fruit Allergies

It is estimated that one fifth of the entire world's population is affected by some form of fruit allergies either being mild or severe.  Fruit is considered a wonder food that contains vitamins, nutrients and even fiber that comes in the form of cellulose.  Unfortunately, many people may suffer from symptoms such as nausea, bloating, itching and rashes after consuming certain fruit.  Death can even occur if the allergy is severe enough.

The most popular fruits that cause fruit allergies seems to be apricots, cherries, bananas, kiwis, papayas, melons, pineapples, peaches, strawberries and plums.


So, how do you know if you have fruit allergies?  The most common type of symptoms fall within a category that is called oral allergy syndrome which is characterized by the mouth and throat having an allergic reaction.  Traditionally, there will be itching, swelling and tingling of the lips, tongue, palate and throat.  A runny nose, sneezing or watery and itchy eyes can also accompany the primary symptoms.

People that suffer from hay fever are usually most susceptible, especially in the springtime when hay fever is due to birch pollen or in the summer when it is derived from ragweed pollen.  Eating cross-reactive fruits will often trigger the fruit allergies.  The most common culprits associated with hay fever are strawberries, kiwi, pears, apples, cherries, peaches, plums, papaya, nectarines and pineapples.

Other symptoms can include hives, itching, allergic rhinitis, contact dermatitis and asthma.  Often even handling fresh fruit while peeling or touching your mouth with the juice on your hands can trigger swelling or itching on whatever skin comes in contact with the fruit and the juice.  Plums and strawberries are known to trigger severe allergic rashes while oranges and apples can trigger an asthmatic attack.

Fruit allergies can also bring severe and painful symptoms such as cramps, vomiting and diarrhea as well as life threatening reactions like swelling of the throat, having a difficult time breathing and wheezing.  Bananas are often reported to cause an anaphylactic shock that is associated with an extreme vasoconstriction of the bronchioles resulting in the inability to breathe.

Coping With Fruit Allergies

Allergic reactions most commonly occur when fruits are raw.  Once fruit becomes cooked, microwaved, canned, baked, processed or heated in any way, the allergic effects become greatly reduced.  Therefore, someone who cannot eat a fresh apple may still be able to tolerate consuming apple jelly, applesauce, apple pie, apple juice or dried apples.

The skin is generally the most allergenic part found on the fruit for most people so many people with an apple allergy can consume a raw apple if the skin is first peeled.

Also, how ripe the fruit is can play a huge determination role on how severe the allergic reaction is.  A freshly picked or unripe apple might cause a milder reaction than one that is very ripe or has been picked a few weeks prior to consumption and has been stored.

The best way to cope with fruit allergies is to avoid the certain fruits that you know triggers your reaction altogether.  Usually, if a mild reaction occurs, taken an antihistamine will often relieve the symptoms.  In a severe case, however, immunotherapy may be needed.

To help supplement the needed vitamins and minerals in your diet, substitute other fruits like grapes, guava, currants, mangoes, avocados, figs and pomegranates.  Always seek medical attention immediately if your fruit allergies result in a severe allergic reaction that an antihistamine does not help with.  If you find you have reactions frequently you may want to consider seeing an allergy specialist that can perform tests on your to determine exactly which fruits you are allergic to.




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